Tuesday, August 15, 2017

SAP Business Processes

FI-CO

  • Period-End Closing Activities Provides processes for period–end closing on a daily, monthly and yearly basis.
  • Internal Order Planning Various internal projects consume resources and incur costs or expenses. The costs of these projects need to be tracked for various purposes. This scope item shows how to plan such internal projects.
  • Internal Order Actual Various internal projects consume resources and incur costs or expenses. The costs of these projects need to be tracked for various purposes. This scope item shows how to deal with the actuals for such internal projects.
  • Standard Cost Calculation A cost estimate used to calculate the standard price for semi- and finished goods for valuation purposes.
  • Manufacturing Cost Center Planning The managers of manufacturing cost centers plan the costs for their respective cost centers. The actual data of the current and previous year is used as the basis for developing these plans.
  • General cost center planning The managers of non-operational cost centers, such as sales, marketing, administrative, research and development, plan the costs for various cost types or elements for their respective cost centers.
  • Purchased Material Price Planning Standard costs for purchased materials need to be periodically reviewed and updated, if necessary, to match the current market conditions and negotiated prices.
  • SOP through Long Term Planning Transfer to LIS / PIS / Capacity SOP is used to verify the sales (demand) plan , create a rough–cut production plan aimed to satisfy demand, and to meet inventory targets.
  • Revenue Planning Revenue and costs are planned on product and customer levels. This scenario is integrated in the complete planning cycle.
  • Segment Reporting The purpose of segment reporting is to provide a breakdown of data in financial statements by individual enterprise areas such as divisions, or geographical areas.
  • Activate document splitting This function enables you to assign one or more segments (e.g. cost/profit centers) to financial postings for current or future managerial reporting needs, and is a prerequisite for Segment Reporting.
  • Asset Acquisition for Constructed Assets (Investment Orders) Assets under construction involve the accumulation of costs during the building or construction of fixed assets and the capitalization of costs at the completion of construction.
  • Asset Acquisition through Direct Capitalization This form of asset acquisition involves the purchase of a fixed asset from a vendor and the capitalization of costs when the vendor invoice is processed. In order to track the budget an investment order is posted statistically in addition.
  • Asset accounting Asset accounting manages and supervises fixed assets. It serves as a subsidiary ledger to the general ledger, with detailed information on transactions involving fixed assets.
  • Cost of sales accounting Cost of sales accounting compares the sales revenues for an accounting period with the costs involved in the production of the sold products.
  • Cash Management Cash Management covers a number of functions, including determination of liquidity based on bank account balances (cash position) and open receivables and payables (liquidity forecast) and more.
  • Period end closing financial accounting Includes those processes required to close the books and prepare financial reports; accruals and reversals, foreign currency revaluations; balance confirmations with customers and vendors.
  • Accounts payable Accounts payable is an integral part of bookkeeping that helps manage transactions with vendors and business partners and is an integral part of purchasing processes.
  • Accounts receivable The Accounts Receivable subledger is an integral part of bookkeeping which helps manage transactions with customers and company business partners, and is an integral part of sales processes.
  • General ledger General ledger accounting supports an organization's accounting requirements by providing a complete record of all business transactions and financial reporting for multiple accounting standards.
  • Overhead cost accounting actual The purpose of overhead cost controlling is the planning, allocation, control, and monitoring of overhead costs.

Order to Cash

  • Direct Shipment for Subcontracting This scope item focuses on the combination of third-party order processing and subcontracting.Sold Products are finished by a subcontractor and sent to the customer directly by the vendor.
  • Advanced Customer Returns Management This scope item shows how to manage the sales return process with features for recording inspection results, specifying logistical follow-up activities, determining refunds, and tracking all the documents associated with a returns business transaction.
  • SAP ERP Reports for Logistics These top SAP ERP reports successfully monitor and control the company’s logistics and production processes.
  • Sales Order Processing with Collective Billing This scenario describes the entire process of a standard distribution process in the mass execution. The process begins with the creation of several standard customer orders.
  • Credit Memo Processing Credits a customer account if the customer was overcharged due to a pricing, sales tax error, or omitted discount. The credit memo request is blocked for further processing so as to be checked.
  • Sales: Period-End Closing Operations in Sales Covers the periodic processing of sales orders for period end closing, such as price revaluation, results analysis and settlement.
  • Sales Order Processing with Customer Down Payment Down payments are payments made, without interest, before completion of the product, and represent short or medium term outside capital procurement. This improves the company’s liquidity.
  • Serial Number Management Using serial numbers, you can track each individual material during goods movement. This scenario shows the serial number handling on finished goods level.
  • Lean Warehouse Management Lean Warehouse Management provides a warehousing structure in which you can use transfer orders as pick orders even in warehouses with a simple structure.
  • Batch Recall A defect batch is identified and must be recalled from customers and prospects who have received the batch.
  • Rebate Processing: Free Goods Free goods are provided as rebate when the respective order amount is reached.
  • Returnables Processing Comprises the ability to capture returnable packaging such as pallets back into inventory.
  • Foreign Trade Export Processing This scenario describes the steps involved in receiving customs forms, and documents how the system performs incompleteness checks to make sure that all essential information is in the system.
  • Debit Memo Processing An Invoice Increase Request (Debit memo) is created with the debited amount, placed on a billing block, then released to become billing-relevant, and appears on the billing due list.
  • Sales of Nonstock Item with Order Specific Procurement For items not in stock, a purchase requisition and order is generated and sent to your supplier who ships the order via a trading partner. You can then track and enter shipping and billing.
  • Sales Processing Using Third Party (w/o Shipping Notification) The order is passed to third party vendor who ships the goods and bills the customer. The incoming invoice from vendor triggers the customer billing documents.
  • Sales Order Processing for Prospect A customer with a temporary customer ID is used to investigate an order without looking up the customer's account. The order can be saved but remains incomplete until a valid customer is entered
  • Sales Quotation In response to the customer's request for quotation (RFQ), a quotation is created in the SAP system. The customer can then either accept or reject the quotation.
  • Returns and Complaints Creates a complaint and credit memo followed by shipping the goods back with a quality check and goods are moved to unrestricted or blocked stock.
  • Free of Charge Delivery Free of Charge Delivery creates a non-billing relevant sales order, delivery the goods are subsequently picked, confirmed, and delivered to the customer.
  • Sales Order Processing: Sale from Stock This includes all steps of a business cycle from sales order creation, delivery, picking, goods issue and billing procedure.
  • Credit Management Credit limit check with increase, stop access for customer and partners; block individual purchases can be performed. Customers' credit profile can also be displayed.

Procure -To-Pay

  • Inventory Valuation for Year End Closing Balance sheet valuation in Inventory Accounting enables you to valuate your inventories at the end of reporting periods in accordance with international accounting principles (IAS, U.S. GAAP).
  • External Procurement of Services Covers external procurement in which a purchase order is issued to a vendor with the instruction to perform the ordered services for, a third party.
  • Procurement of Third-party Resources Covers external procurement in which a purchase order is issued to a vendor with the instruction to supply the ordered materials to, or perform the ordered services for, a third party.
  • Stock Handling: Scrap and Blocked Stock Provides processes resulting from customer returns including scrapping and transfer postings to blocked stock.
  • Procurement without QM Provides processes to initiate and manage the purchasing of stock including Request for Quotation, Purchase Requisitions, Purchase orders, and Goods Receipt of Product.
  • Consumable Purchasing Describes purchase order approval, goods receipt of consumables, approval of service entry sheets and invoice receipts. On goods receipt, the material or service counts as having been consumed.
  • Quotation for Procurement Simulates pricing scenarios, allowing you to compare a number of different quotations. Rejection letters can be sent automatically.
  • QM for Procurement with Vendor Evaluation Enables you to conduct and record the results of quality assurance activities (e.g., inspection of received goods) during the procurement process.
  • Batch Management Batch Management is a key functional area that manages batches throughout the entire enterprise, from vendor receipt through distribution, with full traceability.
  • Procurement Contract Covers the creation and maintenance of long term contracts with vendors, and includes the creation of Purchase Orders against the contract (call-off orders) and the ongoing monitoring of the contract.
  • Stock Transfer with Delivery Creation of a request to transfer stock to another site and a Delivery Note (paperwork) against which the stock is picked and issued. Goods Receipt is carried out against the Delivery Note.
  • Stock Transfer without Delivery Creation of a request to transfer stock to another site against which the Goods Issue and subsequent Good Receipt is carried out. Does not include creation of a Delivery Note (paperwork).
  • Return to Vendor Allows you to request authorization from your vendor to return purchased items, create a return in your system, remove the items from inventory and then ship and issue a credit memo to your vendor.
  • Physical Inventory / Inventory Count and Adjustment Includes the steps required to initiate, count and enter inventory/ stock changes including the steps required to revalue stock if necessary.
  • Subcontracting Subcontract the manufacturing of materials used in your production. Creation of a purchase requisition, ordering, the receipt of items to inventory and the processing of the subcontractor's invoice.
  • Procurement and Consumption of Consigned Inventory When procuring consignment stock, legal ownership remains with the vendor until the inventory leaves your warehouse.The vendor periodically bills you, and re-orders are created by daily MRP runs.


Plan to Product


  • Logistics Planning Includes the transfer of aggregated planning data based on sales quantity planning to Long Term Planning. After simulation runs the demand may then transferred to active demand management.
  • Make-to-Stock Production - Discrete Industry Supports the manufacturing processes of goods stored in inventory prior to receipt of an order. Orders are usually filled from existing stock, and inventory is replenished based on production orders.
  • Make-to-Stock Production: Process Industry Batch–oriented process manufacturing commonly used in the following industries: chemical, pharmaceutical, food and beverage industries and the batch–oriented electronics industry.
  • Make-to-Order Production with Variant Configuration Manufacturing environment where the final product is usually a combination of standard items and items custom-designed for this customer.
  • Make-to-Order Production without Variant Configuration Manufacturing environment where you produce a product for a order: includes quotation, manufacture, shipping, invoice, and payment. Options: serial number creation, subcontracting, QM, and more.
  • Repetitive Manufacturing Repetitive manufacturing is distinguished by the production of discrete units, usually at very high speeds and quantities in which materials tend to move in a continuous flow during production.
  • Production Subcontracting (External Processing) Outlines the steps required for processing of individual production steps during manufacturing outside of your company by a vendor (subcontractor).
  • Rework Processing (Stock-Manufactured Material) Focuses on the rework manufacturing steps including: production execution, creating a new production order, reusing the rework material, collecting and allocating the associated costs and variances.
  • Quarterly Plan - Sales Quantity Forecast with CO-PA The sales forecast is reviewed and updated on a quarterly basis.
  • Period End Closing General Plant Period end closing in a plant ensures that all costs incurred during the manufacturing process are assigned to the production activities.
  • Rework Processing (Work-in-Progress) Addresses the work performed to correct defects in a product after it has been manufactured. The cost of rework is interpreted as a variance.
  • Period End Closing Projects Period end closing for projects ensures that project costs and revenues are properly assigned for structured financial reporting.
  • Research and Development - Internal Product Development SAP Product Lifecycle Management provides the project management functions to collect all costs and documents for product development.
  • Time Recording Records working times and tasks. Enables controlling business processes concerning employees’ tasks, such as paying the employees, monitoring the progress of a project, and creating invoices.
  • SAP ERP Reports for Logistics These top SAP ERP reports successfully monitor and control the company’s logistics and production processes.



Request to Service

  • Period End Closing Service Orders Period end closing for service orders ensures that service order costs and revenues are properly assigned for structured financial reporting.
  • Travel management Supports employee expense reimbursement lifecycle, cost assignment, built-in integration into Financial Accounting, Project Management and Management Cost Accounting.
  • Internal Maintenance In the maintenance cycle, a warranty check is performed; spare parts & services are ordered & the repair is completed. Costs & materials are confirmed to the order & are settled to cost centers.
  • Spot Consulting with Fixed Price Billing Provides ad-hoc service related work in a simple project cycle including providing a quotation for services, sales order creation, project completion and resource billing of the actual work performed.
  • Sales Order with Fixed Price and T&M Billing Addresses a project cycle from quotation to completion, where one part of the billing is agreed on a fixed price basis. The other part is billed based on the actual work performed.
  • Project with Fixed Price and T&M Billing Addresses engineering or industrial design company project management business processes. Project agreement requires a down payment and billing based on performance of defined milestones.
  • Internal Project Defines the planning, managing and tracking of project activities and costs of large and small-scale projects, such as building a factory or organizing a trade fair.
  • Service with Time and Material based Billing Defines the planning, managing and tracking of project activities and costs of large and small-scale projects, such as building a factory or organizing a trade fair.
  • Service Contract with Periodic Billing Services are rendered and periodically invoiced on a contractual agreement with the customer.
  • Service with Fixed Price Billing Services are offered based on the service portfolio of the service provider, and billed based on a negotiated fixed price.
  • Sales: Period-End Closing Operations in Sales Covers the periodic processing of sales orders for period end closing, such as price revaluation, results analysis and settlement.
  • Procurement of Third-party Resources Covers external procurement in which a purchase order is issued to a vendor with the instruction to supply the ordered materials to, or perform the ordered services for, a third party.
  • External Procurement of Services Covers external procurement in which a purchase order is issued to a vendor with the instruction to perform the ordered services for, a third party.
  • Time Recording Records working times and tasks. Enables controlling business processes concerning employees’ tasks, such as paying the employees, monitoring the progress of a project, and creating invoices.
  • Sales of Planned Services Services are provided to a customer under a long-term contract and service level agreement s, costs incurred including material are billed.
  • Depot Repair Processing of service case from the initial customer reports, through warranty checking, order creation, repair, return of goods, and billing.
  • SAP ERP Reports for Logistics These top SAP ERP reports successfully monitor and control the company’s logistics and production processes.